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Viaducts & Aqueducts
Crumlin Viaduct
Kinzua Viaduct
Croton Aqueduct

The Croton Aqueduct

Centuries of Civil Engineering

Tower, F.B.
Illustrations of the Croton Aqueduct.
New York and London: Wiley and Putnam, 1843.
Water Supply
Image Index

The Croton Aqueduct was completed in 1842, and was one of the first successful large-scale engineering projects in the United States. The Croton aqueduct brought water to Manhattan from the Croton River Dam, forty miles away. It involved the building of a dam, 6 tunnels, 114 culverts, bridges over several valleys, and a major bridge over the Harlem river. The advantage of the New York system is that the water has such a good head that no further power is needed for distribution.

The view shows the culvert built over Mill River; it is less than a mile from the Old Dutch Church near Tarrytown, familiar to readers of the "Legend of Sleepy Hollow." It carries 35 million gallons a day through its conduit.

Two other views show the acqueduct crossing the Harlem River (middle) and in the Clendinning Valley (bottom).



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